Text Properties

Font Properties

color - You can apply colour to a font with the simple ‘color’ property.  It accepts RGB colours most commonly in the form of hexadecimal colour codes .  

Example:

color: #FF0000;

font-family – used to dictate the font face used.  Takes a list of fonts so that the first font listed is tried first, then the next etc.  You are advised to end any font-family listing with the name of the font-family you wish to use ie serif, sans-serif.  Fonts with white spacing in the name need to be placed in quotes.

Example:

font-family: "Courier New", sans-serif;

Tip:  Many web sites use sans-serif fonts like arial, verdana and tahoma.  This is because there some evidence that these font are read easier on a computer screen than fancier serif fonts like Times New Roman.

font-size – used to set the font size.  There are a range of unit of measurements that you can use when setting font-size.  For our purposes we will use pixels.

Example

	font-size: 12px;

font-weight – used to apply subtler levels of ‘boldness’ to those available in normal HTML.  These name be numeric values 100 through to 900 and descriptive values ‘bold’, ‘bolder’, ‘lighter’ and ‘normal’ the default.  

Example:

font-weight: 500;

Warning:  The ability to use numeric values depends on the font in use.

font-style – used to apply italics.  Not to be confused with the attribute of ‘old’ HTML.

Example:

font-style: italic;

Text styles

The following properties can be used to format text.

text-align – used for text alignment.  Accepts the values ‘center’, ‘left’, ‘right’, ‘justify’ and ‘inherit’.

Example:

text-align: center;

text-decoration – used for adding text decoration such as underlines.  Accepts the values ‘blink’, ‘inherit’, ‘line-through’, ‘overline’, ‘underline’ and ‘none’.  The ‘blink’ only works in Firefox.  The ‘none’ value can be used to remove the underline from links as seen in our discussion of pseudo-classes.

Example:

text-decoration: none;

text-indent – used for indenting the first line of text in a paragraph.  

Example:

text-indent: 12px;

line-height – used for adding line spacing in typography 'leading'. Takes value in various units of measurement ie px, ems %.  If no unit of measurement is used then the line-height is based on the current font size. That is if the font-size is 12px then adding a line-height of 1.5 will apply a 18px line-height.

Example:

line-height: 1.8;

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